Twenty-four patients with severe chronic periodontitis were enrolled in this pilot, randomized controlled clinical trial. Patients were equally allocated into two treatment groups: Control group was treated with scaling and root planing, re-evaluation, followed by Modified Widman Flap surgery and test group received similar surgery without scaling and root planing. Clinical attachment level, probing depth and bleeding on probing were recorded. Standardized radiographs were analysed for linear bone change from baseline to 6 months.
The diagnostic reference level (DRL) is a patient-exposure optimization tool used to evaluate and provide guidance for radiation doses in medical imaging. In the past few decades, there has been a global increase in the number of diagnostic imaging procedures, including nuclear medicine procedures, and consequently in patient radiation exposure.
he whole-body dose or effective dose, i.e. Hp(10), and the skin dose, i.e. Hp(0.07), of the staff of departments of NM and DR in Kuwait for the period of 2008 and 2009 were taken from the national thermoluminescent dosimetry database. A total of 1,780 radiation workers, grouped as NM physicians, radiologists, NM technologists, and DR technologists, from 7 departments of NM and 12 departments of DR were included.
The aim of this study was to examine the knowledge and awareness of women in Kuwait with regard to risk factors, symptoms and diagnostic procedures of breast cancer. A total of 521 questionnaires were distributed among women in Kuwait. Results showed that 72% of respondents linked breast cancer factors to family history, while 69.7% scored abnormal breast enlargement as the most detectable symptom of the disease.
This article outlines the development of radiology training in the Middle East. It discusses the history of radiology in the region and current available pathways to subspecialize in musculoskeletal (MSK) radiology. Owing to the rapidly changing demographics and health indicators in the region, a major shift has occurred in the government's focus in directing more resources to advance the health care system.
PET/CT images are usually obtained in the arms-up position in patients with no head and neck pathology and in the arms-down position to image the head and neck area. The arms usually cause artifacts regardless of up or down positioning.
There has been much debate surrounding diagnostic strategies and the most appropriate training models for novices in oral radiology. It has been argued that an analytic approach, using a step-by-step analysis of the radiographic features of an abnormality, is ideal. Alternative research suggests that novices can successfully employ non-analytic reasoning.
Twenty-four cases of spinal brucellosis are described. We believe that it is possible to distinguish this condition from spinal tuberculosis on the basis of the clinical and radiological findings.
18F-Sodium fluoride (18F-NaF) is a PET tracer that is mostly used in the evaluation of bone metastasis in oncology cases. Recently, 18F-NaF PET/CT is gaining wide popularity owing to its higher sensitivity over the other conventional bone tracer with higher and rapid single-pass extraction, negligible plasma protein binding, rapid blood, and renal clearance. In the era of constant evolution of cancer therapy regimens, considerable bone health impact is seen in the form of avascular necrosis, insufficiency fractures, among others.
Fifty healthy volunteers were subjected to the CT examination of the wrist joint to provide normal database of the shape and size of the lunate. The various parameters of the lunate were measured taking help of the reformatted images in sagittal, coronal and axial planes. The mean maximum antero-dorsal diameter of the lunate measured on axial section was 16.96mm (SD 1.60) with the range of 13-19mm while the mean medio-lateral diameter of the lunate was 12.80mm (SD 1.37) with the range of 10-15mm.
Oral medicine practice includes the diagnosis and nonsurgical treatment of oral and orofacial diseases and oral manifestations of systemic conditions. Oral medicine specialists in medical and dental settings often require imaging in assessment and treatment of these conditions. This article reviews imaging that may be used in practice, particularly as relevant for facial pain, bone conditions, and salivary gland disease.
Immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) treatments activate T cells against tumors. Activated T cells attack not only the tumor but also healthy cells, causing an autoimmune reaction in various tissues. These immune-related adverse effects (IRAEs) cause 18F-FDG uptake in various tissues due to inflammation.
Rosai-Dorman Disease (RDD) is an uncommon benign disorder of proliferative histiocytes. RDD is usually self-remitting yet has been shown to mimic lympho-proliferative disorders clinically as well as on imaging studies.
Os navicular bone is an accessory bone of the foot, which is mainly found on the medial side of the proximal navicular bone. Os navicular bone may be symptomatic and cause medial foot pain.
Ga-68 PSMA is a promising radiotracer for both staging and detection of biochemical recurrence in prostate cancer. PSMA is also expressed in the endothelium of tumour-associated neo vasculature of various solid malignancies possibly due to tumour-associated angiogenic factors and endothelial cell sprouting.
Imaging of the forefoot is increasingly requested for patients with metatarsalgia. Awareness with specific anatomic arrangements exclusive for the forefoot and widely variable pathologic entities associated with metatarsalgia helps the radiologist to tailor a cost-effective imaging approach.
Disorders of mineral metabolism and bone disease are common complications in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and are associated with increased morbidity and mortality.
A case of allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) caused by Exserohilum rostratum, proven by culture and histopathology of the biopsy material, is described.
The aim of this pictorial review is to present a variety of abnormalities of the sinonasal cavities to emphasize the diversity of lesions occurring in this region.
This article presents fibrosing mesenteric tuberculosis in a 19-year-old Arab boy who presented with weight loss, fever, abdominal pain, and distension.